Wapiti / Elk / Fiordland Deer
cervus canadensis nelsoni
Wapiti are the largest round-horned deer in the world and are closely related to red deer.
Bulls have a shoulder height of up to 1,500 mm and weigh 300–450 kg; Cows grow up to 1,300 mm and 200–270 kg
The winter coat is yellowish to brownish grey, the underside blackish, and the head, neck and legs are dark chestnut brown. The rump patch is large, uniformly cream-coloured and bordered with dark brown (this is a key difference from red deer). In summer the body coat is more tawny, reddish or light bay, with dark legs.
Similar to red deer but larger and heavier (over 1.3 metres and 18 kg) and usually paler in colour. Antlers are only carried by bulls and are grown and cast annually. They reach maximum size at about 7 years old.
Rifle and calibre
Because wapiti are large deer, and often shot at long range, hunters should use a flat-trajectory calibre that has a high striking energy at 300 metres. The .308 is a minimum, with high-powered calibres such as the .300WSM very popular.
474 6/8 DS taken by Edger Nitz at Glaisnock Valley, Fiordland in 1933. This trophy is on display at the Hunting Museum.
Record Book Qualification
380 Douglas Score.
Every year the Fiordland Wapiti Foundation offers a wilderness wapiti bugle ballot.